Everyone loves the idea of having a backyard pool but they do require regular maintenance. Automatic pool cleaners are time savers in that regard and they have the added benefit of improving circulation throughout the pool.
The three different types of automatic pool cleaners on the market are:
- The automatic pool vacuum
- The pressure automatic cleaner
- The robotic cleaner
The Automatic Pool Vacuum
How it Works
Water is pumped out of the pool via its skimmer or drains and is used to move the pool cleaner around the floor and walls of the pool and for suction. The water is then returned to the pool after being filtered by the pool return or outlet valves. The vacuum follows a random course and is usually attached to a 1.5 inch hose to a vacuum plate in the skimmer, or to a dedicated vacuum line on the side of the pool.
The automatic pool vacuum is excellent for cleaning up tiny dirt and sand particles. Some types of these pool vacuums have the ability to scrub pool walls and they are less expensive than other types of automatic pool vacuums.
This kind of automatic pool vacuum is inefficient if your pool gets large floating debris, such as leaves. Everything the vacuum sucks up ends up in your pool’s filter basket, so you will have to clean your pump and filter more often. Electricity bills will be higher.
The Pressure Automatic Cleaner
How it Works
As the name suggests, pressure automatic cleaners use water pressure to clean the water. Pool water inflow is further pressurized by using a secondary booster pump on most models. High-pressure water is used to move the vacuum and provide suction. This pool cleaner also follows a random course. Water pressure causes turbulence that floats some of the debris in the pool to the surface where it is sucked into the main filter through skimmer inlets and a portion of the dirt is caught in the vacuum’s attached filter bag.
The pressure automatic cleaner is great for smaller to medium-sized pools and they require very little maintenance and part replacement over time. This type of pool cleaner is durable, low-maintenance and doesn’t use the pump basket to collect debris. It’s very good at cleaning up large floating objects.
The pressure automatic cleaner is not good at picking up fine particles like dirt and sand. It is not built to scrub pool walls and because it uses a booster pump, this type of vacuum uses the most electricity of the three types of pool cleaners. Also, it takes time and effort to attach the device to the ports that connect to the main pump and filter and more time and expense must be spent on the pool’s mechanics.
The Robotic Cleaner
How it Works
The robotic cleaner works independently from the pool’s main filter and pump system using an electric motor that plugs into an outside outlet and they have self-contained filtration systems. Brushes resembling paint rollers, located on the front and back of the machine, help remove contaminants from the pool and direct particles into an internal filter bag.
A robotic pool cleaner is energy efficient, easy to use and quiet while giving you better cleaning and filtration. It cleans the floors and walls of a pool efficiently. When the pool is clean, the robotic cleaner shuts off automatically. It requires little maintenance to run.
This is the most expensive type of swimming pool cleaner. The range of motion of the cleaner is limited by the length of electric cord.